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How to Cultivate Mustard Plants in the Field

Cultivation of Mustard Plants The following is about the information that we provide to all of you regarding Cultivation of Mustard Vegetables. Of course, in living an increasingly modern life, there are many needs that we want to fulfill, so with maximum struggle and accompanied by prayer, we will realize the ideals we want. The information below is an encouragement for you to do business in the field you are currently pursuing, take a good look at what we have to say.

Mustard is a group of vegetables that are often consumed by most households. Mustard, which is more commonly known as caism, is often used for vegetables or as meatball or noodle dough. This caisim is easy to cultivate. The Javanese, Madurese call it mustard, while the Sundanese call it sasawi. This mustard has many health benefits, one of which is to relieve itching in the throat in cough sufferers. Healing headaches, blood purifier, improve kidney function, and improve and facilitate digestion.

The following is about the information that we provide to all of you regarding How to Cultivate Mustard Plants in the Field

Growing Conditions
Mustard is not native to Indonesia, based on its origin in Asia. Because Indonesia has a suitability for the climate, weather and soil so that it is developed in Indonesia.
Mustard plants can grow both in hot and cold climates, so they can be cultivated from the lowlands and highlands. However, in reality the results obtained are better in the highlands.
Suitable planting areas are from an altitude of 5 meters to 1,200 meters above sea level. However, it is usually cultivated in places that have a height of 100 meters to 500 meters above sea level.

Mustard plants are resistant to rain, so they can be planted all year round.
In the dry season, what needs to be considered is regular watering.
Due to the growth of this plant requires cool air. grows faster when planted in a humid atmosphere. However, this plant is also not happy in stagnant water. Thus, this plant is suitable if planted at the end of the rainy season. Soil that is suitable for planting mustard greens is loose soil, contains lots of humus, is fertile, and has good drainage. The optimum soil acidity (pH) for growth is between pH 6 to pH 7.

Mustard Cultivation Technique
The way of growing mustard is actually not much different from the cultivation of vegetables in general. Conventional cultivation on land includes land processing, seed preparation, planting techniques, provision of fertilizers and pesticides, and plant maintenance. Mustard can be grown in monoculture or intercropping. Plants that can be intercropped include: onions, carrots, spinach, kale. While planting mustard seeds there are exclusively but there are also through nurseries first. The following will discuss the conventional mustard cultivation techniques in the field.

Seed is one of the determining factors for the success of the farmer’s struggle. Good seeds will produce plants that grow well. The need for mustard seeds for each hectare of planting land is 750 grams. Mustard seeds are round, small. The surface is glossy and a bit hard. The color of the seed coat is dark brown. The seeds that we will use must have good quality, if we buy we must pay attention to storage time, variety, moisture content, temperature and where to store it. In addition, it must also pay attention to the seed packaging must be intact. Good packaging is with aluminum foil. If we use seeds from crops, we must pay attention to the quality of the seeds, for example, plants that will be taken as seeds must be more than 70 days old. And planting mustard which will be used as seeds separately from other mustard plants. Also pay attention to the process that will be carried out, for example by aerating, storing and using seeds for no more than 3 years.

Soil Cultivation
In general, tillage is carried out by loosening and making beds.
The stages of loosening are plowing to improve soil structure and air circulation and donation of basic fertilizers to improve the physical and chemical properties of the soil which will increase the fertility of the land that we will use. The soil to be loosened must be cleared of rocks, grass, shrubs or growing trees. And free from shaded places, because mustard plants like direct sunlight. While the depth of the hoeed soil is as deep as 20 to 40 cm. Application of fermented manure 3 – 5 tons/ha. Fermented manure is given when loosening so that it is quickly evenly distributed and mixed with the soil that we will use. when forging

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